Ottawa Investment Advisor John Bruce

A look back at 2009, a look forward at 2010

January 12, 2010 · Print This Article

As we begin a new year, the economy and overall business and investor confidence continue to strengthen. It’s a marked contrast from a year ago, when the news was dominated by frozen credit channels, recessionary economic conditions and a sharp decline in share prices.

A turnaround began in the spring, as economies gradually stabilized and credit markets re-opened thanks to stimulus action by governments and central banks. This was accompanied by a sustained stock market rally that began in the first quarter and continued throughout the summer and fall. Although still shy of their high points reached in 2007 or 2008, many global markets have rebounded smartly since bottoming in March.

Equity markets have posted a historic rebound in recent months, while investor sentiment shows notable improvement on expectations that the worst of the bear market is over. There are a number of positive economic indicators showing incremental improvement and that the economy is healing.

Canadian stocks as measured by the S&P/TSX Composite Index have risen over 50% since their low point in early March. In the U.S., the S&P 500 Index is up more than 60%. Most other world equity indexes are also firmly in positive territory. The Canadian dollar, meanwhile, gained about 15% against the U.S. greenback in 2009. While this has been another factor making our home market a good place to invest, it also has the effect of offsetting gains in U.S. and other foreign investments.

Just how closely your own portfolio’s performance has mirrored the rebound in the broader markets depends on several factors, including overall asset allocation, geographical diversification, and whether or not you bought when the market was down. However, the year’s events underscore the importance of a structured, well-diversified portfolio, and of avoiding the temptation to “time” the markets by jumping in and out of investments in reaction to short-term conditions. Investors with the fortitude to stay the course over the past year have benefited from the turnaround. For example, Statistics Canada, reports that Canadian households gained about $268 billion in net worth between April and September 2009, mainly on the strength of their equity and real estate investments.

However, there continue to be obstacles to overcome and the strength of the economic recovery is unclear. Headwinds that need to be overcome include: consumers who are dealing with record debt loads, unemployment levels approaching double digits in both Canada and the U.S. and government agencies dealing with removing liquidity from the system in an orderly fashion as economies improve.

The deleveraging consumer is an ongoing theme. After years of living beyond their means and increasing their household debt, consumers must now face reality and increase their savings rates. Historically, it has been the U.S. consumer who has driven U.S. GDP growth – with just over two-thirds of GDP driven by consumer spending. If the consumer is deleveraging – a process that we expect could take years – then it may be difficult for GDP growth rates to reach pre-recession levels.

As we enter 2010, recent data indicate that the recession has given way to a very real, if uneven, global economic recovery. While the U.S. housing market weakness that contributed to the credit crisis still lingers, the Canadian real estate market remains strong. Demand for commodities is supporting both the Canadian dollar and equity market. Nonetheless, the Bank of Canada recently renewed its pledge to keep its benchmark interest rate at a record low of 0.25 per cent to foster continued growth. The developed economies of Europe and Asia are also recovering, while emerging markets, especially China, are posting relatively strong growth.

I believe that a sideways-behaving market is a strong possibility. The rebound of equity markets since their March lows indicates that the market is factoring in notable improvement in the economy although it may take time to essentially catch up to the market. However, a sideways market does not mean that money can’t be made. A sideways market means that pockets of opportunity can still exist and stock picking will remain an important factor in portfolio management. In closing, I would like to wish you and your family all the best for 2010, and remind you that my team and I are just a phone call away should you wish to discuss your investment portfolio.


John S. Bruce
Ottawa Investment Advisor
Also licensed in ON, BC, AB, QC, NS
Mackie Research Capital
Direct Line- 613-425-3732
Toll Free- 866-860-4190

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